The Renaissance (also known as rebirth) is a period in the Middle Ages that led to the European civilization. The discovery of the new lands such as Americas also marked the development of Renaissance (Classen, 2017). Renaissance also brought to an end of the feudal system, growth of the trade across the nations, and innovations that made life much more comfortable than ever. For example, things such as gunpowder, printing, and compass direction got invented during this period (Classen, 2017). The renaissance that first started in Rome led to philosophical evolution, arts, literature, and cultural changes.
On the other hand, contemporary society involves the current times and the recent developments that shape history, cultural development, literature, arts, and others. The modern society has many similarities and dissimilarities with the renaissance as explained in this discussion (King, 2016). Such aspects help to understand the evolutions of the significant developments and breakthroughs in the society. The central focus of this discussion is the comparing and contrasting the two distinct historical periods- renaissance and contemporary societies respectively (King, 2016). In other words, the differences in the social-cultural, political and economic aspects such as arts, philosophies, human activities, and forms of governments are entailed in this paper.
Renaissance & Contemporary Societies
The term renaissance evolved first from the French language to mean rebirth. Importantly, the term refers to the development stage in Europe that ushered in modernism in Europe. In other words, it acted as a transformation stage between the ancient worlds towards the modern world (Classen, 2017). The social-cultural and economic changes in the world characterize both Renaissance and contemporary periods. Renaissance first stated in Europe specifically in Italy while contemporary society started in almost all parts of the world.
The renaissance also resulted in the break from the conformist and medieval society of Europe. At this period, Europe breaks away from the institutional and structural rigidities resulting in the development of new and innovative ideas (King, 2016). For instance, the influence of the Catholic Church in Italy began to lose power and dominance that it enjoyed in the past. Some of the notable changes brought during the renaissance comprised of the arts, literature, philosophy, and science. Although such changes continue to be experienced in the contemporary society, they are less substantive.
The rebirth was a period of significant change in the literary world. With the new invention of writing and printing, the early oral poems began losing value. In this era, the literature mainly centered on the human behaviors and features shifting from the old metaphysical subjects (King, 2016). The philosophical trends resulted in shifts in the ways of thinking. Before the renaissance, Catholicism was the primary element that defined beliefs and thoughts in Europe. However, with the development of the humanism, people began becoming highly independent and liberal-minded. Such philosophical change is also experienced in the current times.
Lastly, the discovery of the breakthroughs in science occurred during the Renaissance period. Such discoveries paved the way for the new developments that helped to improve the living conditions (Classen, 2017). Galileo and da Vinci are some of the most popular renaissance inventors and scientists. Such events are still widely applied in the contemporary society.