Copyright ©2020 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. Locating Credible Databases and Research

Copyright ©2020 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.

Locating Credible Databases and Research

Learner’s Name

Capella University

NURS-FPX4030: Making Evidence-Based

Decisions Instructor Name

August, 2020




Copyright ©2020 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.

Locating Credible Databases and Research

Evidence-based practice (EBP) is the use of the best evidence available for problem-

solving and decision-making in patient care. Pain is considered to be one of the most adverse

outcomes of a surgery. If not treated effectively, pain can lead to sleep deprivation, anxiety, and

acute neurohormonal changes. Pain management in postsurgical patients requires high-quality

care. Evidence suggests that a lack of encouragement or support of EBP research for

postoperative pain management lowers nurses’ confidence in functioning efficiently

(Mędrzycka-Dąbrowska et al., 2018).

In this assessment, the scenario considered is that of a newly trained nurse assigned to a

patient suffering from prolonged postoperative pain. It is the nurse’s first assignment, and she is

not confident about implementing evidence-based practice in the context of the patient’s

diagnosis. The focus of this assessment is to identify communication strategies that a head or

senior nurse can use to encourage newly trained nurses to effectively research their patients’

diagnoses. Recommendations on how to evaluate credible sources during the research process

and the criteria to be considered when selecting the best sources will be identified. Finally, a list

of recommended sources will be provided along with the rationale behind choosing them.

Communication Strategies to Encourage Diagnosis-Based Research

Learning while on the job through structured mentoring gives new nurses a clearer idea

of how to approach a problem. Competent mentors help new nurses build confidence and enable

an atmosphere that promotes communication within a practice. Mentors display personal

characteristics such as empathy, respectfulness, and patience. They practice active listening by

conducting unscheduled discussions frequently with new nurses to address queries. They




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also provide constructive feedback to support the learning process (Mikkonen et al., 2020).

Online training or video-based modules have also added value to the learning process.

Interacting through visual aids such as the Practice Nurse Postcard tool can help mentors

communicate necessary information to new nurses (Dadich & Hosseinzadeh, 2016).

The Best Places to Complete the Research

Credible sources can be identified using the CRAAP test, which stands for the five

criteria for evaluating an online source, namely currency, relevance, authority, accuracy, and

purpose (Central Michigan University, 2020). The CRAAP test provides a handy checklist to

identify credible online sources. However, nurses must ensure that they look for resources in the

right places. Practicing nurses have had the best EBP-oriented research experiences in health

care settings and clinical trials (Galassi et al., 2014). Additionally, it is recommended that nurses

use the hospital or university library, hospital policy manuals, and hospital guidelines to

complete their research.

Identification of Five Sources for Evidence of Clinical Diagnosis

Based on the factors indicated in the CRAAP model, five credible online sources have

been identified. The sources are as follows: the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health

Literature database run by EBSCO publishing, the PubMed website

( published by the National Library of Medicine, the Journal

of Pain by the American Pain Society, the Journal of Pain and Relief, and the Columbian

Journal of Anesthesiology by Wolters Kluwer. These sources provide validated information for

research on postoperative pain management. Based on the CRAAP model, these five sources

have been ranked in the order of their usefulness.

Explanation of Why the Sources Provide the Best Evidence




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These sources have been selected because they provide access to vetted, full-text articles

from the most sought-after medical journals and peer-reviewed articles by practicing nurses,

medical professionals, or research scholars in the field of medical science. These journals

and websites provide information on EBP-oriented research on postoperative pain management,

which is backed by scientifically collected data. These sources are regularly updated with the

latest findings. Credible articles in these journals are easy to find and most of them are available

free of cost.


Competent mentoring by using appropriate communication strategies can help nurses

adopt EBP-oriented research in their practice. Support from mentors helps new nurses research

effectively when they encounter new patient diagnoses. For effective research, nurses can

evaluate the credibility of the online sources using the CRAAP model.





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Central Michigan University. (2020). Website research: CRAAP test.

Dadich, A., & Hosseinzadeh, H. (2016). Communication channels to promote evidence-based

practice: A survey of primary care clinicians to determine perceived effects. Health Research

Policy and Systems, 14.

Galassi, A. L., Grady, M. A., O’Mara, A. M., Ness, E. A., Parreco, L. K., Belcher, A. E., &

Hastings, C. E. (2014). Clinical research education: Perspectives of nurses, employers, and

educators. Journal of Nursing Education, 53(8), 466–472.


Mędrzycka-Dąbrowska, W., Dąbrowski, S., Gutysz-Wojnicka, A., Basiński, A., & Kwiecień-Jaguś,

K. (2018). Nurses’ knowledge and barriers regarding pain management. Journal of

PeriAnesthesia Nursing, 33(5), P715–726.

Mikkonen, K., Tomietto, M., Cicolini, G., Kaucic, B. M., Filej, B., Riklikiene, O., Juskauskiene, E.,

Vizcaya-Moreno, F., Pérez-Cañaveras, R. M., De Raeve, P, & Kääriäinen, M. (2020).

Development and testing of an evidence-based model of mentoring nursing students in clinical

practice. Nurse Education Today, 85.




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